What are the best treatments for atopic dermatitis in different areas?


Atopic dermatitis is a common inflammatory condition that can cause itching and irritation of the skin. The disease tends to develop in early childhood, but can occur at any age. It can appear anywhere on the skin but most commonly affects the hands, the inside of the elbows, the back of the knees, the face, and the scalp.

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is the The most common type of eczema, which refers to a group of non-contagious skin conditions that cause itching, inflammation, or a rash-like appearance.

A Study 2019 notes that in the United States, it occurs in about 11-13% of children and 7-8% of adults.

AD can develop on any domain skin at any age; however, it tends to appear in specific places depending on a person’s age. For example, in infants AD is more likely to occur on the face; for young children, it often develops on the inside of the elbows, and many adults can have AD on their hands.

This article discusses common areas where atopic dermatitis can occur and what treatments may be of benefit.

Learn more about the different types of eczema here.

AD is the most common form of eczema, and it usually involves the face. Infants and young children with AD often have dry, itchy and itchy skin on the face. It can also understand neck, scalp and eyelids. My facial can also occur regularly in adolescents and adults who experience a flare-up of AD.

Many treatments for AD are topical creams that help lock in moisture and reduce symptoms of AD. However, doctors can recommend lower doses when treating AD on the face to avoid side effects due to the much thinner skin on the face. They may also suggest other options, such as topical calcineurin inhibitors, which are gentler on sensitive skin.

Learn more about eczema creams here.

AD usually appears on the limbs, especially in the flexions, or skin folds, elbows and knees. This is why many people can describe AD as having a flexion distribution, as these skin folds can rub against each other during movements, such as walking, which can exacerbate symptoms.

It is also common for people to experience AD on the hands and wrists. About 50 to 60% of people with active AD may have AD on their hands. However, it has a higher prevalence with age.

AD also developed on the lower legs, ankles and feet.

Treatments for AD on the limbs understand:

  • oral medications
  • topical medication
  • moisturizers
  • phototherapy

Treatment also aims to prevent potential triggers. This can include avoiding potential irritants, such as soaps and perfumes, minimizing exposure to chemicals, and wearing gloves at work and at home.

The National Eczema Association suggests applying wet wraps to the limbs. This involves wrapping the skin in a damp gauze to help retain moisture.

Learn more about phototherapy and AD here.

Some people have AD on their torso, chest and belly. Typically, doctors will prescribe the same treatments as for AD on other parts of the body and include oral and topical medications, moisturizers, or light therapy.

Some people may need help applying topical medications to their backs.

Taking lukewarm baths can be a useful home remedy for people with AD in these areas, as they can comfortably submerge these areas in soothing water.

Click here to learn more about natural remedies for eczema.

There are currently a few uncertainty on the exact cause of AD. However, the growth evidence indicates that genetics, the immune system and the environment play a role. It is likely that these factors interact and lead to the “leak”Of the skin barrier, resulting in dryness and irritation and inflammation of the skin.

Research suggests that several genes may be involved in the development of AD. A article 2021 also notes that if one of the parents has AD, their offspring will have a more than 50% chance of developing symptoms. If both parents have AD, this risk can increase by up to 80%.

The National Institute of Allergies and Infectious Diseases adds that about 30% of children with AD have food allergies and many develop asthma.

The evidence also points to a connect between allergies triggering the immune system and eczema. Experts may refer to this progression of allergic conditions as the atopic walk.

This usually begins with AD and food allergies in infancy, developing into allergic asthma and allergic rhinitis in childhood.

Many potential triggers within the environment can exacerbate the symptoms of AD. Exposure to a variety of factors, including pollutants, such as tobacco smoke, climatic factors, such as temperature, and social factors, such as stress, can contribute to the development of AD.

Learn more about what triggers AD here.

Because of problems with the leakage of the skin barrier and bacteria on the skin, people with AD are more vulnerable bacterial, viral and fungal infections. In particular, common infections include those caused by herpes simplex virus 1 and staphylococcus bacteria, which can cause pus-filled bumps, cold sores, and cold sores.

Living with eczema can also harm a person’s mental health – people may worry about their appearance or be bullied or discriminated against. The flare-ups can also be linked to other issues in some cases, such as:

  • other conditions in atopic gait, such as asthma or hay fever
  • other forms of dermatitis
  • difficulty sleeping due to itching
  • scales or areas of hard skin that form when scratching one spot for long periods of time

Learn more about the potential complications of AD here.

Anyone who is unsure of their symptoms or their child’s symptoms should see a doctor. Even with a previous diagnosis of AD, if a person notices that symptoms are getting worse or that the flares seem more regular, it is advisable to see a doctor.

Doctors can help identify triggers by ordering allergy tests and can help suggest over-the-counter or prescription medications to control flare-ups.

In addition, anyone who notices signs or suspects a skin infection should see their doctor.

Atopic dermatitis is a chronic inflammatory disease that can cause itching, irritation, and inflammation of the skin. It can occur anywhere on the body, but some areas can be more common depending on the age of the person. Areas prone to the development of atopic dermatitis include the face, hands, and back elbows and knees.

Treatments may vary slightly, but typically include oral and topical medications, moisturizers, light therapy, and home remedies.

People are also advised to avoid exposure to known triggers. Anyone unsure of their symptoms or having trouble identifying triggers should contact their doctor.

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