Multifactorial allergies on the rise in children: Pediatricians | Nagpur News
Nagpur: Allergies due to food, weather, pollution and hereditary diseases are on the rise among children, pediatricians in the city have said.
Doctors have found that more and more children are complaining of asthma, skin rashes, reactions to different foods, and eye and ear allergies.
The Indian Academy of Pediatrics (IAP) has organized a multidisciplinary conference – Ped Allercon 2022 – in the city next week to address these challenges.
Dr Avinash Gawande, organizing secretary of the conference, said the increase in food additives causes allergies in children. “Allergic condition is a major element in health care nowadays. Lack of exercise, faulty diet and hereditary are the main reasons for allergies. While heredity is not modifiable, other factors There are various issues like that that will be addressed at this national conference,” he said.
Dr. Vasant Khalatkar, national chair of IAP’s neurology section, which also organizes the chair of Allercon, said it was now a new disease. “The proportion of diseases related to infections is decreasing compared to non-infectious diseases. For example, many children suffer from coughs and colds and we assume it is the flu. But it can be an allergy to dust mites, pollen, cosmetics, etc. If we are able to understand allergies correctly, then we can find a cure. Otherwise, it will be lifelong, such as asthma. Foreign countries have advanced work on allergies. Over the past decade, India has also made progress in this area. Even hereditary allergies can be controlled to some extent or morbidity can be reduced. We also have immunotherapy injections for dust allergies,” he said.
Dr. Khalatkar added that the new conference will be useful for doctors and indirectly for patients and parents as well.
Pediatrician Dr Uday Bodhankar said that a food allergy is an abnormal response of the body to a certain food. “Before having a food allergic reaction, a sensitive child must have been exposed to the food at least once before, or could also be sensitized through breast milk. This is the second time your child eats the food that the allergic symptoms occur. At this time, when the IgE antibodies react with food, histamines are released, which can cause your child to experience hives, asthma, itchy mouth, difficulty breathing, pain in stomach, vomiting and/or diarrhea. Eggs, milk, and peanuts are the most common causes of food allergies in children, with wheat, soy, and tree nuts also being included. Peanuts, tree nuts, fish and shellfish generally cause the most severe reactions,” he said.