Children aged 5 to 11 could receive the Pfizer COVID vaccine within months. What there is to know

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So far, most of the adverse reactions to the coronavirus vaccine have been allergic reactions that have been treated immediately by healthcare professionals.

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For the latest news and information on the coronavirus pandemic, visit WHO and CDC websites.

Getting your young children vaccinated against COVID-19 could become a reality sooner than you think. Pfizer said on Monday that its vaccine was safe and effective for ages 5-11. But it could be weeks or months before the vaccine receives emergency clearance from the Food and Drug Administration.

After children returned to class last month, the United States saw its largest wave of COVID-19 cases in children compared to any time during the pandemic, according to data collected by the American Academy of Pediatrics and the Children’s Hospital Association. According to a September 2 report, there was over 750,000 new cases of children between August 5 and September 2. It has since fallen to around 243,000 new cases according to the latest report from September 9.

In August, Pfizer has obtained full approval of FDA for its mRNA vaccine in people 16 years of age and older (the vaccine still has an emergency use authorization in place for children as young as 12 years old). Some people think that having a coronavirus vaccine with full FDA approval will pave the way for local governments, businesses and schools to compulsory vaccines for employees, but this still excludes young children.

Experts do not know at this time whether it is the most contagious delta variant that makes more children sick or relaxation or total stop public health measures – such as mask warrants and social distancing – that put people without immunity at higher risk. Fortunately, children remain at a much lower risk of serious illness and death from COVID-19 compared to adults in general. (Among states that have reported to the AAP, about 0.1% to 1.9% of children’s COVID-19 cases have resulted in hospitalization.)

Dr Anne Liu, an infectious disease specialist at Stanford Hospital and Clinics and Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital, says the lack of perfect information on pediatric cases is because not everyone is not tested and followed.

“It’s surprising that many families see how sick children can fall with COVID,” Liu said.

Whether you have kids at home who are old enough to receive a COVID-19 vaccine, or want to prepare for when your toddlers are eligible, we’ve made a guide to what experts now know about children and coronavirus vaccines.

Read more: Pfizer COVID-19 third blow: FDA panel rejects boosters for the general public

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If someone has a history of anaphylaxis or severe allergic reaction, they will be asked to wait 30 minutes after receiving a COVID-19 vaccine instead of 15.

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When can my child get the COVID-19 vaccine?

Children 12 years of age and over were eligible for the Pfizer vaccine since May. The FDA granted Pfizer emergency use authorization for children aged 12 to 15 after a clinical trial found the vaccine to be safe and effective in this group. Pfizer says its vaccine is now safe and effective for children between 5 and 11 years old but it will need to get emergency clearance from the FDA, which could take months.

The other mRNA vaccine, Moderna, and the only single-dose vaccine on the U.S. market, Johnson & Johnson, are not still available for children.

Clinical trials for Moderna and Pfizer vaccines in young children are in class. At an Axios event in May, President Joe Biden chief medical adviserDr Anthony Fauci said children at least 4 years old may be eligible for COVID-19 at the “end of the calendar year” or early 2022.

Does the full FDA approval of Pfizer extend to children?

The FDA approval of Pfizer and its partner, BioNTech, only applies to children between the ages of 16 and 18. Although Pfizer remains the only vaccine manufacturer authorized for use in children as young as 12 years old, vaccination in this age group is still subject to emergency use authorization rather than full approval. Indeed, along with other factors, full FDA approval requires data on the vaccine’s progress. six months, by NPR. Pfizer’s vaccine has only been authorized for children from 12 to 15 years old in May.

My child has allergies, can he get vaccinated?

“If the child has a history of anaphylaxis or other severe allergies, the observation time after the injection may be 30 minutes instead of 15,” says Liu. For example, you may be asked to stay in the waiting room with your child for an additional 15 minutes, where health care providers can monitor vaccines for (extremely rare) allergic reaction which may occur after any vaccination. Additionally, Liu said, children who have been prescribed an EpiPen for any reason should bring it to their immunization appointment.

If your child has a severe allergy to any of the vaccine ingredients available to them, they should not take it, depending on the World Health Organization. Adults who are allergic to any ingredient in a COVID-19 should also not take this vaccine. Find it ingredients for Pfizer on the FDA fact sheet, as well as Moderna components.

Can my child get the COVID-19 vaccine at the same time as other vaccines?

Yes, according to the CDC, your child can get other vaccines when they show up for their coronavirus vaccine without waiting 14 days between appointments.

A boy wears a handmade mask in an attempt to reduce the transmission of COVID-19, the disease caused by the coronavirus.

Moderna is testing its vaccine on children aged 12 to 17.

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Should we be concerned about myocarditis?

Myocarditis and pericarditis, or inflammation of the heart, are very common diseases. rare side effect related to Moderna and Pfizer vaccines mainly in men under 30 years of age and after the second dose. After reviewing the data and weighing the risks and benefits, the CDC still recommends that everyone, including children as young as 12, get the vaccine. According to a Washington Post Report, the CDC and the FDA are reviewing Canadian data that suggests Moderna may have a higher risk of myocarditis than Pfizer, primarily in young people.

When cases of myocarditis occurred, Liu said, the cases usually responded to treatment and resolved on their own, even when patients were hospitalized for a day or two.

“COVID-19 infection can have much more serious consequences for the heart than the vaccine,” Liu said.

The CDC recommends talking to a doctor about when to resume sports or exercise after getting the vaccine. The government of Singapore, where 70% of the population is fully vaccinated, recommends that people, especially adolescents, refrain from strenuous exercise for a week after their second dose of a COVID-19 vaccine.

If I am pregnant or breastfeeding, can I get the vaccine?

Yes, according to the CDC, the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology and the Society of Maternal and Fetal Medicine. CDC joined ACOG and SMFM in its statement that available data shows COVID-19 vaccines are safe for pregnant, breastfeeding and nursing people. want to be pregnant in the future.

The CDC referred to preliminary data which showed that there was no increased risk miscarriages among those who received an mRNA vaccine before the 20th week of pregnancy, compared to those who were not vaccinated before 20 weeks.

My child cannot yet be vaccinated. What should we do?

When spending time with other families with children, it is best if everyone continues to wear a mask, according to Harvard Health, and they must isolate themselves in the event of exposure. Plus, choosing more outdoor activities and avoiding crowds, even outdoors, can help keep your kids safe. Parents and older siblings who are vaccinated should also mask themselves to avoid breakthrough infections which can spread to vulnerable people who are not as protected, including children.

The CDC has prioritized in-person learning for students this fall, and he has advice on prevention strategies schools should use it to ensure the safety of students and staff. As you prepare to send your children back to school, here is a list of some School supplies adapted to COVID they might need.

Different regions of the country have had varied public health responses to coronaviruses for schools. California Governor Gavin Newsom recently announced teachers must be vaccinated against COVID-19, or test regularly, adding to the growing number of Governments and organizations requiring vaccination. In Florida, Governor Ron DeSantis said district superintendents and school board members salaries could be withheld if they go against the decree which prohibits masks orders in schools.

CNET associate editor Katie Teague contributed to this article.

The information in this article is for educational and informational purposes only and does not constitute health or medical advice. Always consult a doctor or other qualified healthcare professional with any questions you may have about a health problem or health goals.

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